Photography fundamentals – Beginner’s basics

1- Identifying a photographer in you

“When you catch a glimpse of your potential, that’s when passion is born”- Zig Ziglar

Passion is not something that one has to develop with time and in respect to a particular atmosphere, it is something that crop up at an early stage of his/her life, one should be able to identify t with open eyes and closed desires. If i talk about my case it was all about photography. NO other person can tell you better than you to yourself about what fascinates you the most, If you strart watching the world in frames and at every scenic place or even at the streets you know this requires a click. Congo mate! you are a budding photographer. (y)

Every passion whether its photography or something else,we all have to start with the root level, every individual is a beginner one day but not all end up being a craker jack in their respective fields. The difference is how early they saw their passion and the way they worked upon it.So lets have a look into the basics.

2- Basics of photography

  • Everything has a base to start with and the most basic concepts are the backbone of every skill that one can possess.
  • In case of photography there are three basic fundamental elements on which whole photographic skills depends.
  • The pictures you take reflect your understanding of those three elements.
  • Namely- Shutter Speed, Aperture and ISO. Let us have a short sneak in these three pillars of photography.

2.1 Shutter Speed


janakpuri west metro station
Shutter Speed- 1/15
  • Shutter Speed can be explained in simple terms as, duration of time the shutter of a camera remains open and its measurement.
  • It is the timer for the light coming into the camera lens and is exposed to the sensor.
  • It can be measured from full seconds to a fraction of a second .
  • The larger the shuter speed demoniator, faster the shutter open and closes.
  • When our Shutter Speed is low, the shutter remains open for a long duration
  • More light enters to the image sensor in low shutter speed and vice versa
  • Shutter speed is most oftenly used to create artistic expresions involving movements.
  • While capturing a cricket game or that of hockey to freeze at a particular shot or to shoot a moving train at a particular point.
  • A slow shutter speed gives you a perfect click in case of a busy road.
  • To give a motion blur a high rate of shutter speed is used to allow more light into the camera lens.

    2.2 Aperture

    humayun tomb
    Aperture f-32
  • The aperture of a camera works like the pupil of our eyes.
  • It controls the amount of light entering the camera lens and giving the best exposure needed.
  • Aperture is reponsible for the depth of field for an image
  • The sharpness and the focus of fore and the background objects is controlled by the aperture.
  • It is measured in the f-stop values.
  • Larger the f-stop value smaller is the opening of lens and smaller the value larger is the opening of the camera.
  • when the f-stop is greater like that of f-32 the lens will have a small opening,
  • In small opening the area covered will be a bit dark with a deep field depth.
  • With large opening like that of f-1 or f-4 it will provide you with bright light and a shallow depth of field.



delhi cantt
Aperture f-4

2.3 ISO

  • ISO indicates the amount of senstivity of the lens to the light
  • Basically how much your camera is sensitive to light.
  • The light  hitting the camera is converted into electrical signals which process the image.
  • A low range in open will give you a much clear image .
  • When the ISO is increased the image noise is also increased that is the image becomes more grainy.
purana quila iso 100 basics
ISO 100

SO it was an overview of the main ingredients of the photography for a beginner. In the upcoming posts we will discuss them in detail, like the f-stop values of the aperture and the use of proper time frames for the shutter speed. Till then keep clicking…!! 😉

9 comments on “Photography fundamentals – Beginner’s basics

  1. A new ideas with good thought .i think it will rally helpful for to those person who are interested in photography.great work .Best of luck kartik it up💐

  2. Beautiful pictures.. Amazing imagination.. you explained them really nicely !!
    Good work.. keep it uploading more.. waiting !!

  3. Copiousness of detail and conciseness of expression gives this article a distinctive and avant-garde touch. Sincerely pray the author makes his mark in a short span. Kudos!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *